Humans lose between 50 and 100 hairs a day, and new hair replaces it. However, sometimes hair loss is noticeable and permanent. But why is your hair falling out? Express.co.uk explores the reasons behind hair loss.
What is hair loss?
Hair loss is when you notice your hair falling out from your head.
You may be losing more hair than normal if you find a lot of hair in the drain after you wash your hair, or clumps of hair in your brush.
Baldness or thinning patches of hair are other signs of hair loss.
While some hair loss is normal, you should discuss the issue with your doctor if it is extreme or is bothering you.
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Why is my hair falling out?
According to the NHS, hair loss isn’t usually anything to be worried about, but occasionally it can be a sign of a medical condition.
However, some types of hair loss are permanent, like male and female pattern baldness. This type of hair loss is normally genetic.
A doctor or dermatologist will be able to determine the cause of your hair loss. Most of the time, it is temporary.
Permanent hair loss
The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary male or female pattern baldness.
It affects about 50 percent of men over the age of 50, and about 50 percent of women over the age of 65.
The three main causes of hereditary pattern baldness are age, inheritance, and the hormone testosterone.
The main difference between the genders is the pattern.
Men’s hair tends to recede from the temples, perimiter, and top of the head, while women’s hair slowly thins all over the scalp without the hairline receding.
There are other permanent hair loss conditions, but this is the most common.
Check with your doctor or dermatologist to find out exactly why your hair is gone for good.
They will do a physical examination on your scalp, and discuss your health history with you.
It could be down to an autoimmune or skin disease, so a dermatologist may need to take a biopsy of the skin from your scalp.
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Temporary hair loss
Temporary hair loss can be caused by a number of things, including:
- an illness
- cancer treatment
- weight loss
- iron deficiency
The NHS site recommends seeing a GP if:
- you have sudden hair loss
- you develop bald patches
- you’re losing hair in clumps
- your head also itches and burns
- you’re worried about your hair loss
How to treat hair loss
No hairless treatment is 100 percent effective.
The NHS site says: “Most hair loss doesn’t need treatment and is either temporary and it will grow back, or is a normal part of getting older
“Hair loss caused by a medical condition usually stops or grows back once you have recovered.
“There are things you can try if your hair loss is causing you distress. But most treatments aren’t available on the NHS, so you’ll have to pay for them.”
If you are suffering from male pattern baldness, you could try finasteride and minoxidil. Minoxidil can also work on female pattern baldness, but not finasteride.
Another option is purchasing a wig and some wigs are available on the NHS, from synthetic to real-hair.
There are plenty of treatments available, including injections, creams, and UV light treatment. You could also opt for tattooing, hair transplants or scalp reduction surgery.
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