Respiratory masks with a Filter of Corona-crisis-shortages – at the same time, you will be recommended more and more. In order to protect themselves from infection, uses medical personnel in many places, therefore, surgical masks, individuals sew their masks themselves. FOCUS Online explains protect, which masks how.
Mouth guard to wear or not? This question splits during the Corona-crisis world. Recommendations are constantly adjusted, even physicians seem to be the answer to this question disagreeing.
Germany’s most-heard virologist Christian Drosten of the Charité hospital in Berlin, said in March that it makes sense would be to wear a Mouth guard – to be Use but it is for the carrier to be limited. Rather, it may help to protect others from infection.
Reported corona virus cases in Germany (click on your state)
Mask, Mouth guard, DIY: What types there are, who should you wear and what you bring
Confusion reigns, however, nationwide also about the different masks and mouth guard types. Generally speaking, three forms of masks can be distinguished: Self-made mouth protectors, mouth-nose protectors (including surgical masks) and particle-filtering half-masks (also FFP-masks called). Especially the latter are currently in demand worldwide because they are due to the Sars-CoV-2-pandemic and the associated flash-like increase of the world demand hardly to.
Self-stitched mask: sundries and hand made
Whether with handkerchiefs, coffee filters, or sanitary napkins In many patterns and Diagrams circulating for a self-made Mouth guard – Community Mask called. This is especially against the Background of the shortage of medical masks is not a wise idea, said of the virologist Christian Drosten of the NDR. The protective properties, but depend strongly on the Material and usage.
Are woven better suited as a lightweight woven fabrics. A scientifically-proven protective effect of the masks do not have. However, it is suspected that you reduce the risk of infection, because they reduce the droplet ejection and the awareness of the need for careful handling and other support. Hygiene rules and distance rules should be adhered to anyway. By the way: Also the mouth and nose drawn scarves or shawls can at least keep the droplets away.
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Masks can also be washed
It is also on the way how the mask will be worn, said Bernd Salzberger, infectious disease Loge at the University hospital Regensburg. The fabric should cover both the mouth and nose. When dressing and Undressing be taken to ensure that the Secretions will not be distributed over the hands.
A homemade mask could easily be more often worn, said Salzberger. To clean them, there to wash the mask at 60 degrees or iron. According to the recommendations of the Federal Institute for drugs and medical products, the fabric should be woven as closely as possible. To Comply with Hygiene Standards or spacing rules, replacing a mask according to the experts, however, do not.
Mouth-nose protectors, also SURGICAL or surgical masks called
Also, the so-called surgical masks are mainly used for the protection of others. In medical facilities, they are currently often in short supply. The so-called mouth-nose protection intercepts also liquid splashes and droplets in the breathing air of the Person wearing. So the risk of another Person through coughing, Sneezing or Talking, infect, can be reduced.
The carrier can also protect the larger droplets from the surroundings. Adequate protection against viruses and bacteria also do not offer, because the masks are finally on the face. Such as small droplets in the air breathed in. Even with these masks, the rules for hand hygiene and the safety distance are more.
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Particle filtering half masks, also FFP-masks called
The abbreviation for FFP is for Filtering Face Piece. They are distinguished in three classes: 1, 2, and 3. Protect in varying degrees against solid and liquid particles, with 3 being the highest protection class. To protect against Corona virus, experts recommend masks of the class 2 and 3.
Because of the Filter of the FFP-3 mask is very dense, the Breathing so difficult. The mask can be worn only for short periods of time. These medical masks are also widespread. Many experts argue about this, OP – and FFP-masks, primary hospitals, doctor’s offices and nursing homes to reserve. vergleich.org for More information on graphics, see vergleich.org.
How do I raise a Mouth guard, so that he works?
Currently, try, unfortunately, to get many individuals to urgent medical facilities required FFP-masks. Experts call, therefore, on self-made mouth protectors or shawls and scarves access. They range for the currently allowed activities – shopping, out walking. To observe the correct application but in the case of any Form of mouth protection, because otherwise they’re all useless.
Masks and mouth protectors should fit snugly and cover mouth and nose. Also, you should not touch them while wearing it. When a Mouth protector has become wet, you should change it. Also regular Washing at 60 degrees or 70 degrees in the oven, is a must.
with the information of the dpa
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